Intra-party democracy (IPD) is a topic within political theory that examines the way in which a party manages its internal affairs and processes, and whether these are democratic. IPD aims to develop participation and inclusivity within decision-making processes, and accountability within a party. Regarding the most important elements, the literature on IPD places the greatest weight on how parties select candidates and leaders, and how policies are developed. Despite its appeal, IPD is a highly contested subject. Criticism includes the ability of IPD to weaken a party, damage its chance of winning elections and of implementing policy when in power. While these are valid arguments, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach to IPD, there are enormous potential benefits.
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